Insects are a thriving group of organisms that have succeeded in colonizing different types of habitats. They owe much of their success to the evolution of flight. The first wings to developed in insects were mere extensions of cuticle from the thorax; the segment of the body between the head and the abdomen which supports legs and wings. These simple wings later evolved and developed advanced mechanisms which have enabled insects to perform complex aerial manoeuvres.
As organs go, the brain probably has the most notorious reputation for complexity. Its millions of neurons are wired up into extremely precise circuitry within a very tiny space and yet this seemingly tangled mess is able to finely orchestrate the multitudes of exquisite behaviours that animals are capable of.
Harold Varmus, Nobel Laureate and Director of the US National Cancer Institute (NCI), visited the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) on 21st January 2014. Varmus interacted with scientists working at NCBS and other Indian institutes to assess the status of cancer research in the country and draw out priorities in research. Based on these interactions, Varmus hopes to determine ways in which India and the United States can work towards boosting cancer research.
"The meeting with Varmus was to mainly give him a perspective of what is going on: in cancer research as well as others that can connect to cancer research in some way," says Satyajit Mayor, Director of NCBS and InStem. "Varmus was chiefly interested in exploring how to link up cancer research in India with research going on outside the country."
Recently, NCBS hosted a talk by a researcher who is asking a very different set of questions about illness, health and their relationship to something that we might not immediately see - information and communication. The public lecture, “Health and Communication Inequalities in the 21st Century: Observations from the Field” focused on how communication and access to information can play a critical role in promoting health and preventing disease.
The phrase "intellectual property" is often used in the Indian media as synonymous with "patents". In fact, patents are only one form of intellectual property. Other forms of intellectual property include trademarks, copyright, design rights, plant variety protection, etc. Of these, trademarks are used in business for the purpose of distinguishing the goods or services of one person from those of others.